Signs & Symptoms

If you have experienced several of the symptoms below, you may have sleep apnea.

  • Unrefreshing sleep
  • Restless sleep
  • Snoring
  • EDS
  • Witnessed apneas
  • Fragmented sleep
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Poor memory
  • Personality change
  • Decreased sex drive
  • Morning headaches
  • Recent, unexplained weight gain
  • Daytime dozing

There are several predisposing factors for Sleep Apnea including:

  • Middle age
  • Being overweight and obese
  • Male gender
  • Ethnicity (Black and Latino tend toward symptoms)
  • Reduced airway dimensions
  • Smoker
  • Excessive alcohol use
  • Sedative/hypnotic drug use
  • Hypothyroid
  • Supine sleeper

Fill out the questionnaire below to determine your sleepiness scale:

How likely are you to doze off or fall asleep in the following situations?

Use the following scale to choose the most appropriate number for each situation:

0 = would never doze
1 = slight chance of dozing
2 = moderate chance of dozing
3 = high chance of dozing

Sitting and reading _____

Watching TV _____

Sitting, inactive in a public place (theatre, meeting) _____

As a passenger in a car for an hour without a break _____

Lying down to rest in the afternoon when circumstances permit _____

Sitting and talking to someone _____

Sitting quietly after a lunch without alcohol _____

In a car, while stopped for a few minutes in traffic _____

Total ( 0 – 24) ________

Interpreting the Epworth Sleepiness Scale

0 ‐ 7: It is unlikely that you are abnormally sleepy.

8 ‐ 9: You have an average amount of daytime sleepiness.

10 ‐ 15: You may be excessively sleepy depending on the situation. You may want to consider seeking medical attention.

16 ‐ 24: You are excessively sleepy and should consider seeking medical attention.

Additional Resources

Sleepiness Questionnaire
Sleepiness Scale Interpretation
Downloadable Signs & Symptoms
Downloadable Predisposing Factors for OSA